"Cultural protection and development of" Xinjiang white paper

From 17:23 on November 15, 2018: Xinhuanet.com
 

The Information Office of the State Council issued on 15 "cultural protection and development of" Xinjiang white paper, reads as follows:

Cultural protection and development in Xinjiang

The State Council Information Office in People's Republic of China

November 2018

Catalog

Preface

The national culture, Xinjiang is a part of Chinese culture.

The national culture is an integral part of Chinese culture.

Always a variety of culture in Xinjiang area.

The national long-term cultural exchanges blend

Second, extensive use of the national language

According to the promotion of national language

The scientific protection of the national language

Encourage all ethnic groups to learn from each other language

Three, the religious culture is respected and protected

A variety of religious cultures coexist

The religious literature published according to law

Religious and cultural heritage have been effectively protected

Adhere to the direction of religious Chinese

Four, cultural heritage protection and heritage achievements

The protection of cultural relics and fruitful

The archaeological achievements of Chinese and foreign attention

Efforts to increase the protection of ancient books

Effective protection of intangible cultural heritage

Get the respect and inheritance of folk culture

Five, cultural undertakings and cultural industries development

Increasing the level of public cultural services

Literary and artistic creation and publication continued prosperity

Culture, sports and national pharmaceutical industry strength gradually increased

Network culture development

Six, foreign cultural exchanges have become increasingly active

Participate in international cultural exchanges and cooperation in various forms

Actively show ethnic culture of Xinjiang style

Conclusion

Preface

China is a unified multi-ethnic country. In the development history of over 5000 years of civilization, the Chinese nation created the long history and splendid culture. Xinjiang has been a multi ethnic migration living place, but also a variety of cultural blending stage. In the long history, the culture of Chinese civilization rooted in Xinjiang fertile soil, has promoted the development of the national culture, but also enriches the connotation of Chinese culture.

After the establishment of People's Republic of China, Chinese government attaches great importance to mining, inheritance and protection of the excellent traditional culture of various ethnic groups in Xinjiang, adhere to the creative and innovative development, encourage all ethnic mutual learning language, to promote contacts and exchanges between various ethnic blend respecting the freedom of religious belief of all ethnic groups, to promote the development of cultural undertakings and cultural industries, promote the modernization of national culture, to strengthen cultural exchanges with foreign countries in different cultural exchanges and mutual learning, enhance cultural self-confidence.

The national culture, Xinjiang is a part of Chinese culture.

Xinjiang has been a multi-ethnic, multicultural area. The national long-term cultural exchanges blend, with luxuriant foliage in Chinese civilization in the fertile soil, is a part of Chinese culture.

The national culture is an integral part of Chinese culture. Since ancient times, Chinese culture because of the environmental diversity displayed the rich and diverse morphology. Various cultures exchanges in China, the formation of Grand Chinese culture. The national culture is the common spiritual wealth, contributing to the development and progress of Chinese culture.

In the pre Qin period, Xinjiang and the Central Plains area was in close communication, archaeological confirmed that Xinjiang painted pottery unearthed in the affected area in the middle reaches of the Yellow River Yangshao culture in Henan, Anyang in the Shang Dynasty's tomb, buried into a large number of Xinjiang Hetian jade artifacts. The Western Han Dynasty unified Xinjiang, Chinese has become one of the common language of official documents in the western regions. The Central Plains agricultural production technology, the etiquette system, Chinese books, music and dance are widely spread in Western regions. Western musical instruments and music into the Central Plains, have a significant impact on the Central Plains music. The treasure house of Chinese culture, including twelve Uygur Muqam, Ay Tes art, Kazak Kirgiz epic "Manasi", "Mongolian Oirat epic Jangar" the nation's outstanding cultural works.

Always a variety of culture in Xinjiang area. The historical evolution of China, determines the distribution of various ethnic groups in staggered and interdependent economic and cultural mix basic characteristics. Xinjiang's unique natural geographical environment of oasis farming and nomadic culture complement each other, different modes of production and life of ethnic groups, complementary exchange migration together, creating a lively situation in the coexistence of different cultures.

About 20 languages have been discovered in Xinjiang area. Today, Tibetan language, Altai language family and the Indo European languages still exist in Xinjiang. Language and ethnic life is the traditional characteristic of the culture of Xinjiang. Xinjiang national exchanges blend in different languages interloan interoperability has become a common phenomenon. Xinjiang Kizil Cheonbuldong, Bozi caves, Gucheng Crick Beiting integration of the Han, Uighur and Tibetan and ancient Xinjiang residents of various cultural elements, is a model of ancient culture and art Chinese.

The history of Xinjiang is the gateway and intermediary of Chinese civilization, opening to the west. The smooth flow of the Silk Road opened a new chapter in the East West cultural exchange integration. The Silk Road flourished, the China papermaking, silk weaving and other advanced technology through the Xinjiang West, had a profound impact on world civilization. Buddhism, Manichaeism and Nestorianism spread to Xinjiang along the Silk Road, and then together with the primitive religion in the local spread. In the long history, Xinjiang multi religious coexistence situation has never changed. Xinjiang cultural landscape is always the coexistence of different cultures and cultural exchanges.

The national long-term cultural exchanges blend. Chinese culture is the spirit of ethnic ties. In the long-term production and life, a blend of cultural exchange among nations throughout the formation of Chinese culture and development process. The influence of Central Plains culture, Xinjiang area of sericulture technology and silk weaving made great achievements; originally formed in Mobei Uighur culture period, by the Chinese northern nomadic culture, Central Plains culture and Buddhism, Manichaeism influence. In various historical stages of development, the national mutual learning, the emergence of a group of politicians, writers, artists, historians, agronomists, translators, boosting the ethnic culture of Xinjiang in the further development of Chinese culture in the embrace of. After the establishment of People's Republic of China, in China under the leadership of the Communist Party, Xinjiang culture has entered a new period of development and prosperity, "our motherland is our" Xinjiang garden "good place" and other classic songs sung on both sides of the Changjiang River; "on iceberg guest" "Uncle Kurban" Beijing outstanding film known in the country, become the create a national common and shared spiritual wealth.

Xinjiang members of all ethnic groups living, study, work, music, in all aspects of language, food, clothing, music, dance, painting and architecture of social life and cultural interaction and absorption of fusion, "you have me, I have you" has always been the common characteristics of Chinese ethnic culture.

Second, extensive use of the national language

Language is an important carrier of culture and distinctive signs. Xinjiang is a multi language and multi language learning area, the use of the national common language, is the historical experience of the Xinjiang ethnic cultural prosperity and development. Chinese government to promote and regulate the use of the national common language, the security of all ethnic groups to use and develop their own languages freely according to law, to promote and encourage all ethnic groups to learn the language, to promote national language, empathy.

According to the promotion of national language. Study and use of the national common language, is conducive to promote contacts and exchanges between various ethnic blend, promoting the progress of all ethnic groups. In 1982, the "popularizing Putonghua nationwide" into the "People's Republic of China constitution". In January 1, 2001 the "People's Republic of China national language law" formally implemented, to further clarify the Putonghua and the standardized Chinese characters as a common language in the country's legal status. The 2015 amendments to the "People's Republic of China Education Law" stipulates that "the national common language for schools and other institutions of education in basic education teaching language" to "national autonomous areas of minority students in the schools and other educational institutions, from the actual situation, the use of national language and the national or local national common language implementation bilingual education". The 2015 amendments to the "the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region language work regulations" Regulations "to promote the national common language". Members of all ethnic groups to meet the needs of economic and social development and the increasingly frequent exchanges, active learning and use of the national common language.

The strengthening of national language education teaching. In response to the national call of last century the beginning of 50s, Xinjiang opened in the Chinese language curriculum in primary and secondary schools of minority students. In 1984, Xinjiang proposed to strengthen the teaching of Chinese in minority schools, "Han people and" target. At present, Xinjiang bilingual education in preschool and school popularize the national common language teaching, teaching of the national language, to ensure that by 2020 the minority students basic knowledge and use of the national common language.

To carry out the national common language training in various forms. In 2013 launched the "national language training project", in the minority population is concentrated in the county (city) for occupation training or entrepreneurship training of ethnic minority youth to carry out the national common language training. In 2017 to start the implementation of the national common language universal poverty project.

The scientific protection of the national language. The "People's Republic of China constitution" and the "People's Republic of China regional national autonomy" are clearly defined, all ethnic groups have to use and develop their own language of freedom. At present, all ethnic groups in Xinjiang mainly use 10 kinds of language and text, minority language is widely used in judicial, administrative, educational, publishing, broadcasting, Internet, public affairs and other fields. An important meeting China people's Political Consultative Conference of the National People's Congress, the Mongolia Uygur, Kazak, etc. to provide minority language presentation and interpretation. Xinjiang and the prefectures and Autonomous County authorities when performing official duties, and the use of the national common language, the implementation of regional autonomy of ethnic languages. Members of all ethnic groups have the right to use the national language of election and litigation. The minority students in the schools and other educational institutions in the curriculum and all kinds of entrance examination are paying attention to the study and use of minority languages. The annual college entrance examination, Xinjiang Han, Uygur, Kazak, Kirgiz, Mongolia 5 text papers.

In order to protect the China rich language resources, China government since 2015 to organize the implementation of Chinese language resource protection project, the actual state of the data collection records of Chinese dialects, minority language and oral language culture. The project is currently the world's largest language resources protection project, to achieve nationwide coverage, which in Xinjiang to carry out the investigation of wild Tian includes more than 30 minority languages and 10 Chinese dialects investigation survey and 6 endangered languages survey and 2 survey points of language and culture. As of now, Xinjiang has completed the investigation task planning survey of more than 80%, and the formation of a number of landmark achievements.

News publishing and broadcasting multi language and multi language is a major feature of Xinjiang. Xinjiang Han, Uygur, Kazak, Kirgiz, Xibe, Mongolia 6 languages publishing newspapers, books, audio-visual products and electronic publications. Xinjiang TV station Han, Uygur, Kazak, Kirgiz language 4 television programs, the Xinjiang people's Broadcasting Station Han, Uygur, Kazak, Kirgiz, Mongolia 5 language radio show, "Xinjiang daily" with Han, Uygur, Kazak, Mongolia 4 publication.

In order to make the members of all ethnic groups share the fruits of the information age, Chinese government of Mongolia, Tibetan, Uygur, Kazak, Kirgiz and other text encoding character set, keyboard matrix, national standards, research and development of a variety of minority languages typesetting system, intelligent speech translation system to support the minority language website and emerging media order the development, and constantly improve the minority language information processing and social skills. The establishment of Xinjiang National Language Work Committee and all levels of national language research institutions, scientific research for the national language, promote the informationization and standardization, language specification.

Encourage all ethnic groups to learn from each other language. Chinese government encourages the ethnic autonomous areas of mutual learning language, not only requires the minority national common language learning, also encourage minority Han residents to learn minority languages, especially the grass-roots civil servants, bilingual learning new recruitment of public officials, public service industry practitioners, and provide the conditions for learning. Xinjiang run special Han cadres to learn the minority language training class. The last century since 50s, the country opened China ethnic language and literature in Colleges and universities in Xinjiang (Uyghur language, Kazakh language direction) professional, these students after graduation are engaged in administration, education, minority language research. Over the years, Xinjiang nationalities mutual learning language become bilingual and multilingual, more and more people, to promote contacts and exchanges between various ethnic blend.

Three, the religious culture is respected and protected

Xinjiang has always been a multi religious, religious and cultural diversity, is part of the traditional culture China. China government to protect citizens' right to freedom of religious belief, respect and protect religious culture.

A variety of religious cultures coexist. Xinjiang has always been an important area of various religions spread, religious culture is gathering place. Xinjiang first popular primitive religion, shamanism. In fourth Century B.C., Zoroastrianism and Buddhism were introduced with the coexistence of various religions, and gradually form a pattern. Later, Taoism, Manichaeism and Nestorianism, Islam has spread, multi religious coexistence pattern evolving. A teacher or teach, teach the two main features of Xinjiang religious history is the coexistence of pattern. A variety of religious and cultural blend each other, long-term coexistence, and to adapt to changes in the social development process Chinese. At present, Xinjiang, Islam, Buddhism, Christianity, Catholicism and taoism. Shamanism and Zoroastrian elements has left, and in the form of custom displays. The profound influence of Buddhist culture, in Kashi, Hami, Yili and other places, can still be seen Fokan, lotus pattern, lotus throne remains.

The religious literature published according to law. In a variety of national language translation published in Islam, Buddhism, Christianity and other religious literature, to meet the diverse needs of the citizens of all ethnic groups of believers. Xinjiang has published translation of Han, Uygur, Kazak, Kirgiz languages "Koran" and "Buhari" the essence of Sahih religious classic books, editing and publication of Han and two Uygur text "expostulation" series of speeches. For Chinese, Uighur two languages of the Xinjiang Muslim website. The collation and publication of "Jin Guangming two" off "Maitreya credited with" the religion of ancient literature. At the point of sale in exclusive religious publications, can buy "Koran" and "Bible" Sutra of golden light "and other religious works.

Religious and cultural heritage have been effectively protected. At present, Xinjiang Kashi, Zhaosu ID Kah mosque Shengyou temple, Kizil Cheonbuldong 109 religious and cultural monuments are included in the national key cultural relics protection units and regional level cultural relics protection units. Among them, the national key cultural relics protection units 46, 63 regional level cultural relics protection units. The central government allocated special funds to carry out repairs in the state and the Xinjiang cultural relics protection units, the Kizil Cheonbuldong Bozi caves, Crick Kashati M mosque. Xinjiang funded the maintenance of Turpan Su Gong tower, Zhaosu Shengyou temple, Urumqi Hongmiaozi Taoist temples and religious buildings (28 places). Religion of the intangible cultural heritage protection and heritage has been.

Adhere to the direction of religious Chinese. With the society to adapt to the survival and development of religion. In Chinese culture, ideological differences, fully inclusive and equitable harmony but not sameness under the influence of Buddhism and other foreign religions have experienced Chinese localization. The introduction of Buddhism in Xinjiang, take the initiative to adapt to social development, into the mainstream culture, has a profound impact on the history and culture of Xinjiang. Islam was introduced into Xinjiang along the China direction, after a long and local traditional beliefs and cultural integration, has gradually become a part of Chinese culture, and show the regional characteristics and ethnic characteristics. The Catholic Church, independent, Christian autobiography and self support, for the realization of religious Chinese made positive efforts. Xinjiang adhere to the historical tradition of religious Chinese, and actively guide religions to adapt to socialist society, to support the religious teachings in deep mining is conducive to social harmony and development, healthy and civilized, make progress, in line with Chinese with contemporary Chinese traditional culture interpretation of religious teachings, religions adhere to the direction of China guide.

Four, cultural heritage protection and heritage achievements

Xinjiang's rich cultural heritage. The central government and the local government of Xinjiang to strengthen the construction of legal system, to promote the work of protection of cultural heritage. "People's Republic of China cultural relics protection law" and "the People's Republic of China intangible cultural heritage law" and other laws and regulations provide an important legal guarantee for the protection of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang rich and colorful cultural heritage.

The protection of cultural relics and fruitful. At present, Xinjiang has 189 cultural relics protection agencies at all levels, cultural relics protection network basically completed. Complete the immovable cultural relics census of 3 times, the movable cultural relics survey 1 times, cultural heritage resources to further find out. As of 2017, the Xinjiang cultural relics 9542, one of the world's cultural heritage, 6 national key cultural relics protection units 113, 558 regional level cultural relics protection units. The Museum of cultural relics 93 systems (including Autonomous Region Museum and Turpan Museum 2 National Museum), 450 thousand cultural relics collection / set.

The history and culture of Xinjiang City Town Village block protection achieved remarkable results. The establishment of national historical and cultural city 5, 3 historical and cultural towns, 4 historical and cultural village, historical and cultural blocks 2, 17, China traditional villages China ethniccharacteristics of the village 22. Over the years, the government Chinese repair protection of Gaochang site in Gucheng, the site of Gucheng Huiyuan, new and old Beiting ancient ruins and a large number of cultural relics, rescue protection repair more than 3000 pieces of precious cultural relics.

The archaeological achievements of Chinese and foreign attention. As of 2017, Xinjiang Minfeng Niya ruins, Ruoqiang, Yuli Yingpan Xiaohe cemetery, Kuche Friendship Road sixteen in Jin brick room grave, East ditch ruins, Jimunai Barkol black sky hole 8 archaeological sites have been included in the national top ten archaeological discoveries, the Earth Star of the East Lee Jin Chinese "armguards," he advised children fainted a long years "by Jin and other national treasures.

Efforts to increase the protection of ancient books. The establishment of the the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region ancient books publishing planning leading group and office, ancient protection center, repair center, the establishment of special collections of ancient books of ethnic minorities. In 2011, Xinjiang launched the first ancient protection center of ancient census work, focusing on the basic content, rare books, breakage and preservation register. After several times to carry out the census. As of 2017, to complete the census of 14980 kinds of ancient books. Of the ancient literature of Chinese characters (including Chinese characters, Xixia and Khitan etc.), a Latin text (text, Pa Helly Weng Kharosthi, Mani Wen and other 10 kinds of Uighur and Brahmi (Sanskrit), Yanqi - Yu Tianwen, Tibetan text Qiuzi text, etc.) three systems, CO in 19 languages, 28 languages, covering politics, economy, society, religion, astronomy, mathematics, medicine, art and other fields. Collation of ancient books digitization construction is increasing.

Chinese government support of Xinjiang in Chinese and Uyghur translation, editing and publishing of the lost "happiness and wisdom" and "Turkic dictionary" and other books. Provide consulting service organization experts to carry out academic research, ancient books, ancient books protection workers, invite domestic and foreign researchers and managers seminar. In 2011, the Ministry of culture and the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region people's Government jointly organized the "Western Heritage -- Xinjiang ancient books and documents protection achievements exhibition", more than half of the Chinese ancient books, praised by the community.

Effective protection of intangible cultural heritage. According to the protection and rescue first, rational use of inheritance and development "principle, strengthen legislation and policy. In 2008, Xinjiang issued the "the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection Ordinance"; in 2010, "the promulgation and implementation of the Uyghur Muqam of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Protection Ordinance". Xinjiang introduced a series of intangible cultural heritage protection system, providing institutional guarantee for the scientific and systematic treatment of intangible cultural heritage protection.

In 1954 two, 1951 China government rescue record of Uyghur twelve mukam. In the beginning of 60s, invest a lot of money and manpower, including the published Kirgiz epic "Manasi", "Mongolian epic Jangar" and other folk oral literature. The compilation and publication of "China folk dance ensemble Xinjiang volume" "China folk songs Xinjiang volume" "Chinese folk tales integration Xinjiang volume" covers all folk music, dance, drama and other categories of ten art collections. "Chinese Context -- the Xinjiang intangible cultural heritage protection project records" continued implementation. As of 2017, Xinjiang completed 23 national representative inheritors of rescue work record, the use of text, images, audio and video recording and other means of intangible cultural heritage project implementation of the rescue protection; created Uighur instruments, carpets and silk silk weaving 3 intangible cultural heritage protection of national production demonstration project base; named 91 provincial non heritage base material cultural heritage protection.

Xinjiang Uygur Muqam, Kirgiz epic "Manasi", in Macy Zhev were included in the UNESCO "human representative list of the intangible cultural heritage" and "the urgent need to protect the intangible cultural heritage". Included in the national and regional level representative list of intangible cultural heritage items are respectively 83, 294, the national and autonomous region level intangible cultural heritage inheritors are respectively 112 and 403.

Get the respect and inheritance of folk culture. Xinjiang insists on respecting differences and diversity, mutual appreciation, fully respect and protect all kinds of folk culture, realize the harmonious coexistence of multi cultures, the excellent traditional culture of effective protection and inheritance. In the Spring Festival, Tomb-sweeping Day, Dragon Boat Festival and the Mid Autumn Festival, Eid, Eid al AdhA Festival, people can enjoy the holiday. During the festival, Xinjiang people around the world celebrate with music, dance, traditional sports and cultural activities. In the "Lantern Festival", "Maxrap" Uygur and Kazak "Ay Tes", "Zi Kum Kirgiz songfest", Mongolian "Nadam Fair", "Hui flowers" and other folk activities carried out extensively by people of all nationalities welcome. Xinjiang to promote ethnic customs mutual respect, advocate all ethnic groups in the basic necessities of life, weddings and funerals, rituals and customs in terms of advocating science, civilization and healthy fashion.

Five, cultural undertakings and cultural industries development

The core of cultural development is to meet people's spiritual and cultural needs. Chinese support of the government of Xinjiang to improve the level of public cultural services, promote literary and artistic creation and publication prosperity, enhance the cultural industry strength, protecting cultural rights of citizens, the rich spiritual and cultural life of the people of all ethnic groups. "The People's Republic of China public cultural service guarantee law" "People's Republic of China Public Library Law" "People's Republic of China film industry promotion law" and other laws and regulations for the protection of the basic cultural needs of the people of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang, the provision of public cultural services, provides an important legal guarantee to promote the development of cultural industry.

Increasing the level of public cultural services. In 1955, Xinjiang has 1 public libraries, 425 various sports venues. With the support of the central government, in recent years, Xinjiang implementation of the "County Cultural Center and library renovation project" and "Cultural Information Resources Sharing Project" and "township cultural station" and a series of cultural foundation engineering. As of 2017, Xinjiang has 112 public libraries, museums and Memorial Art Gallery 173, 57, 119 cultural centers, cultural and cultural room 12158, there are various types of radio and TV station (station) 302, radio and television coverage of the population reached 97.1% and 97.4% respectively, there are 29600 sports venues and formed a system of public cultural services at all levels relatively complete.

Xinjiang actively promote the equalization of public cultural services in urban and rural areas. Cultural centers, libraries, museums, cultural centers and other towns (street) public cultural facilities open to the public free of charge. The basic realization of popularization of radio and television. Rural film achieve administrative villages full coverage. Financial arrangements for providing financial support and other forms of opera performances to rural poverty. To carry out extensive national reading activities, the rural library project covering all administrative villages. As of 2017, the autonomous region held a total of 13 games, 8 traditional ethnic minority sports games, 5 old games, 6 games for the disabled. Covering the whole village "farmer sports fitness project". The popularity of a variety of innovative fitness equipment in remote rural areas, rich and interesting sports and fitness activities by the people of all nationalities welcome.

Literary and artistic creation and publication continued prosperity. Xinjiang literature and art works of colorful, vivid display of the charm of Chinese culture. The novel "the depths of the Tianshan" soldier "," poetry "," mountain essays "in Xinjiang", "Western Literary Essays: literary writing," remote provinces painting "from the 5 - 19 - Clifford Plateau state memory" and photographic works of life "," Snow "bazaar", dance drama "sun dance" "Gobi youth", "musical internati Tianshan", the musical "on iceberg guest", music Troupe "Hello, Affandi", "parents", the song radio drama "Ma Lan ballad" and "River" "movie flowers" "love" "Lop Nor" life and death "the drums" and a number of literary and artistic works for spiritual civilization construction of five project "award, the Lu Xun prize for literature, Chinese movie awards and other national awards, acrobatics" life "tour", "play buffeting bar won the international acrobatics Festival Gold award. In 2006, the establishment of the Xinjiang radio and television dubbing center, established in 11 TV dubbing, and Yining City, Shache County, Kuche County, Yutian county. At present, the minority language dubbing television drama year amounted to 6200 sets around. Before the founding of People's Republic of China, Xinjiang only 2 newspapers. As of 2017, Xinjiang has a total of 126 newspapers, 223 periodicals, 10 thousand annual publication of books, audio-visual products and electronic publications.

Culture, sports and national pharmaceutical industry strength gradually increased. At present, Xinjiang has a culture of more than 10 thousand enterprises, has formed a system of cultural industry development complete, covering news publishing, broadcasting, performing arts, culture and entertainment, games, cultural tourism, arts and crafts, art, animation, cultural exhibition, creative design, digital cultural services. As of 2017, a national cultural industry demonstration base 6, provincial cultural industry demonstration base 109, won the national identification of animation enterprises 11, built all kinds of cultural industry park 20; there are 12 national 5A level scenic spots, tour guide 17000. The added value of cultural and tourism industry increased year by year.

The establishment of a number of occupation sports clubs, sports competition and performance market has become increasingly active. The ring of automobile and motorcycle rally, China basketball occupation League Xinjiang district to maintain the level of the operation of higher market competition. To Chinese international camping conference, international desert off-road challenge, motorcycle racing, ring ring Aydingkol Lake Sailimu Lake road cycling race as the representative of the sports leisure market matures. Horse racing, snow sports, sports aviation industry development potential.

Xinjiang has formed the Chinese medicine (including national medicine), medical preparation, food (including health food), pharmaceutical and health industry system of medical devices and pharmaceutical packaging material categories relatively complete. The Uygur Medicine, Kazakh medicine, Mongolian medicine and traditional medicine of ethnic minorities has a long history, is a treasure of Chinese culture, many Chinese were included in the national standards and relevant national standards research project. Xinjiang sales value of national pharmaceutical pharmaceutical industry sales accounted for the proportion of total output value increased year by year; national medical and pharmaceutical enterprises are constantly developing the domestic market but also exported to neighboring countries and regions, to enter the international market.

Network culture development. With the continuous development of the Internet in China in recent years, the Internet has increasingly become a new space for people of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang to study, work and life, a new platform for access to public services. As of 2017, Xinjiang filing website 11520, fixed broadband subscribers reached 569.9 million users, mobile Internet users reached 1855.8 million. WeChat public platform "last mile" users throughout the country in all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government and dozens of countries and regions. To become a good Internet users, has implemented China Aidelaisi network leading and network financial situation and other projects, to carry out the "network Chinese Festival" "I am a pomegranate seed" Aidelaisi "out of the Tianshan Mountains" and other series of network more than 30 cultural activities, demonstration across Xinjiang to carry out all kinds of network more than 7000 cultural activities. 2017 years, Xinjiang local consumers online shopping retail sales reached 56 billion 910 million yuan, an increase of 29.8%. The vigorous development of the network culture has led to good social fashion.

Six, foreign cultural exchanges have become increasingly active

Xinjiang is an important gateway to the Chinese civilization to the West open play an important role in the communication between eastern and Western civilizations in. In support of the central government, Xinjiang has formed a multi-level cultural exchanges with the outside world.

Participate in international cultural exchanges and cooperation in various forms. China Xinjiang International Folk Dance Festival, Chinese - Asia Europe Expo foreign culture exhibition week "and" publishing fair "has become influential international cultural brand. In 2009 years, held the 7 session of the "China Xinjiang International Youth Art Festival", invited more than 2330 young people in Mongolia, Russia and four Central Asian countries, Pakistan, India, Malaysia, Thailand, South Korea, Azerbaijan and other 12 countries and a total of 119 domestic arts groups to perform in Xinjiang exchange. 2012 to 2017 years, Xinjiang held 7 consecutive "Silk Road Economic Belt national media official seminar, invited more than 100 media in 25 countries to come to Xinjiang to study and exchange, the person in charge of inspection.

In recent years, Xinjiang actively promote the "economic zone core area of the silk road construction, strengthen along with National Humanities Science and technology exchange. 2016 years, held the five session of Chinese - Asia Europe Expo Technology Cooperation Forum, 154 guests in more than 30 countries and international organizations are invited to attend. Built 12 national base for international scientific and technological cooperation, carry out international scientific and technological cooperation and exchanges with more than 30 countries and regions and 10 international organizations and research institutions, including agriculture, resources and environment, agricultural products processing, astronomy, coal chemical, bio medicine, energy and other areas. The steady implementation of the international Chinese plan ", and gradually expand the Silk Road Economic Belt along the national outstanding student scholarship funding scale. Actively carry out international exchanges and cooperation in Xinjiang universities, student education, and improve the quality of the scale increased year by year. From the beginning of 1985, as of 2017, Xinjiang university received foreign students up to 50 thousand people. Xinjiang Uygur Medicine, including active play Kazakhstan medicine including Chinese medicine combined with Chinese characteristics and advantages, build Chinese and foreign institutions, to carry out Chinese national medicine international medical service system construction project, has attracted more and more countries around the hospital visits. From 2015 to 2017, the city of Urumqi has carried out international medical service in 5 hospitals, a total of 17 thousand people with foreign admissions. Xinjiang held a series of high level sports event, attracting a large number of outstanding international athletes and sports enthusiasts to participate actively.

Actively show ethnic culture of Xinjiang style. From the end of last century, "China Xinjiang ancient Silk Road Cultural Relics Exhibition" the Silk Road "mystery - Xinjiang cultural relics" Xinjiang cultural relics exhibition began in Japan and the United States, Germany, South Korea and other countries held. A batch of intangible cultural heritage project in United Nations Headquarters, Britain, Japan, France and Xinjiang, neighboring countries show. In recent years, the "perception China - western culture for China in Xinjiang" and "Xinjiang Chinese cultural group" Chinese "Xinjiang Culture Week" in the United States, Canada, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Australia, New Zealand, Russia, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Turkey, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Malaysia, Brunei, Laos and other countries held a variety of cultural activities. Several delegations to participate in the international China Xinjiang representative issik games, strengthen sports exchanges and cooperation between the member states of the Shanghai cooperation organization.

Conclusion

Chinese culture is the common people of all ethnic groups, to create China inheritance and development, is the spiritual bond of national unity and national unity. In fact, the culture of Xinjiang is part of Chinese culture, Chinese culture has always been the nationalities in Xinjiang, relying on the emotional spiritual home and spiritual home, and is the power source of Xinjiang ethnic cultural development.

The general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, state president and CMC Chairman Xi Jinping pointed out: "the Communist Party of China from the date of the establishment, is Chinese actively lead the advanced culture and practitioner, and is faithful and promote the heritage of Chinese traditional culture. The Chinese Communists and Chinese people should and must be able to assume the mission of the new culture, in practice to create the cultural creation, cultural progress in the progress of history!" Today, with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core of the Party Central Committee and the strong leadership, the Chinese nation has entered a new era, embark on a new journey in the cultural integration stage, people of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang should and must be able to assume their new cultural mission in cultural creation and create new prosperity, to achieve new development in the cultural progress in!

(commissioning editor: Zhu Binghua (Intern), Han Ting)

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